## Building a Strong Maths Foundation

### Numbers

Year 4 is all about solidifying basic mathematical operations.

### Addition and subtraction

Adding and subtracting whole numbers (including multi-digit numbers) fluently.

### Multiplication and division

Mastering multiplication tables up to 12×12 and understanding division as the inverse of multiplication. They should be able to solve problems involving multiplication and division with whole numbers.

### Fractions

Year 4 dives deeper into fractions, focusing on recognising and comparing fractions with different denominators. Adding and subtracting fractions with the same denominator.

### Calculating

Year 4 students will develop their problem-solving skills by:

Estimating and rounding numbers to a suitable degree of accuracy

Using appropriate mathematical vocabulary (e.g., sum, difference, product, quotient)

## Expanding Mathematical Horizons

### Measurement

Year 4 students will explore measurement in more depth, learning to:

- Convert between different units of measurement (e.g., meters to centimetres, grams to kilograms)
- Measure and calculate the perimeter and area of rectangles (including squares)
- Measure and record time (including using a 12-hour clock and reading analog clocks)

### Geometry

Year 4 introduces basic geometric concepts, including:

- Identifying and classifying 2D shapes (e.g., triangles, squares, pentagons)
- Recognising angles and classifying them as right, acute, or obtuse
- Understanding lines of symmetry in 2D shapes

### Data Handling

Year 4 students will be introduced to basic data handling skills, learning to:

- Collect, organise, and represent data using pictograms, bar charts, and tally charts
- Interpret and analyse simple data sets

### Developing Mathematical Confidence

By the end of Year 4, students should be comfortable applying these mathematical skills to solve problems in real-world contexts.

### Reasoning

Year 4 students should be able to explain their thinking and justify their answers mathematically.

### Problem-solving

They should be able to approach problems strategically, break them down into smaller steps, and persevere until they find a solution.

Remember, this is a guideline! Some Year 4 students may be ahead of this benchmark, while others may need more time to solidify these concepts. The most important thing is to encourage a love of learning and a positive attitude towards maths.

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